Stripe is a developer and a user-friendly payment infrastructure provider. Stripe provides easy to use SDKs in different programming languages allowing us to easily collect payments on our website or mobile application.
Flask is a web microframework for Python based on Werkzeug, Jinja 2. Flask makes building web applications in python a breeze.
Make sure you have your Flask app ready. Let's start with installing the required dependency. The Stripe python SDK. You can get it by running.
pip install stripe
Don't forget to add the same in your
requirements.txt. (if you have one that is.)
Now, head over to Stripe: Register and create a new Stripe account to get your test keys. If you don't wish to create an account at this time, you can use the following test keys, but you'll not be able to see the payments in the stripe dashboard.
- Publishable Key:
- Secret Key:
We'll need to set the secret key in the SDK.
import stripe STRIPE_PUBLISHABLE_KEY = 'pk_test_6pRNASCoBOKtIshFeQd4XMUh' STRIPE_SECRET_KEY = 'sk_test_BQokikJOvBiI2HlWgH4olfQ2' stripe.api_key = STRIPE_SECRET_KEY
Let's create a page with a form for us to handle the Stripe payment.
<!DOCTYPE html> <html> <head> <title>Pay now</title> </head> <body> <h4>Pay $250.00 by clicking on the button below.</h4> <form action="/payment" method="POST"> <script src="https://checkout.stripe.com/checkout.js" class="stripe-button" data-key="pk_test_6pRNASCoBOKtIshFeQd4XMUh" data-description="A payment for the Hello World project" data-name="HelloWorld.com" data-image="/images/logo/hw_project.png" data-amount="25000"></script> </form> </body> </html>
We're using Stripe's Checkout library to get the payment details from the user and process. Also, keep in mind that the checkout library has to be loaded directly from
https://checkout.stripe.com/checkout.js. Downloading it and serving locally will not work.
The script tag, accepts a lot of parameters. A few important ones are,
data-key- The Publishable Key.
data-amount- The amount to be charged to the user in the lowest denomination of the currency. (For example, 5 USD should be represented as 500 cents)
data-name- The name of your site or company that will be displayed to the user.
data-image- The path to an image file (maybe a logo) that you'd like to be displayed to the user.
More configuration options can be seen at Stripe: Detailed Checkout Guide.
This script would automatically create a Pay with Card button which would open the stripe Checkout lightbox when clicked by the user.
Once the payment process is completed the following parameters are submitted to the form's action endpoint (the form inside which this script is located), along with any other elements that were in the form.
stripeToken- The ID of the token representing the payment details
stripeEmail- The email address the user entered during the Checkout process
Along with the Billing address details and Shipping address details if applicable and enabled
We'll need to write a Flask method to handle the input that were submitted by Stripe to proceed with the transaction and charge the user.
Let's add a new Flask route to respond when submitting the form.
@app.route('/payment', methods=['POST']) def payment_proceed(): # Amount in cents amount = 25000 customer = stripe.Customer.create( email=request.form['stripeEmail'], source=request.form['stripeToken'] ) charge = stripe.Charge.create( amount=amount, currency='usd', customer=customer.id, description='A payment for the Hello World project' ) return render_template('payment_complete.html')
We're now creating a new Stripe customer along with the
stripeToken as the source parameter. The card details are stored by stripe as a token. And using this token ID, Stripe will be able to retrieve it to make the charge.
We're creating a charge object with the amount in the lowest denomination of the currency, the currency name, the customer ID, and an optional description. This will charge the customer. On a successful transaction, a charge object would be returned. Else, an exception will be thrown.
For more information regarding the Charge object and the various other APIs available fro consumption in Stripe, checkout the Stripe API Guide.